In December 2014, the California Court of Appeal held an employment arbitration agreement was unenforceable because the employer did not properly authenticate the employee’s electronic signature — raising some concerns about the enforceability of real estate contracts with electronic signatures. The most widely used real estate forms in California can be signed digitally using Digital Ink® or DocuSign®. However, each of these systems has an audit trail which can be used for authentication purposes. Further, the Appellate Court specifically noted other courts have upheld documents signed via DocuSign®. Therefore, the ruling of invalidation should have no impact on most real estate transactions.